Odumase is the traditional and administrative capital of the people of Manya Krobo. It’s barely an hour and 10 minutes’ drive from the capital, Accra and is one of the earliest towns where Christianity was cemented in the Gold Coast. It has been argued that Odumase is one of the few African towns in the 1800’s where there existed a positive link between chieftaincy and Christianity.
HISTORY AND GROWTH OF ODUMASE
As the population of krobos increased and jammed the Krobo mountain ”Kloyo” around 1820, (Azu,1929a; Angehrn, 2005), Krobo’s from both Manya and Yilo settlements on the ‘Kloyo’ were allowed to settle on their farms in the plains or valleys (Dorm). Due to this priestly policy of permanent settlement in the plains, by 1845, there emerged several hamlets situated in plantations of which ODUMASE was no exception. Krobo settlement spread within the period along and beyond the Akuapem Togo like bush fire in the harmattan.
It emerged that, ODUMASE became the most prominent and biggest hamlet at the time in Manya whiles Sra emerged as the biggest in Yilo. ODUMASE HAMLET was for Odonkor Azu whiles Sra was for Ologo Patu, both were the wealthiest and most prominent at their time.
Odumase (an akan word literally meaning ‘under the odum tree’) was then used to describe or call Odonkor Azu’s hamlet by the akan traders who purchased agricultural products mainly corn from Odonkor AZU (grandson of King Baah Dua and father of Sakitey).
Odonkor Azu succeeded Muala.
In order to consolidate his rule and thwart and intrusions by priestly theocracy (rule by traditional priest which existed prio to the 1800s), Odonkor Azu whole heartedly gave land to the presbyterian missionaries in the mid-19th century and it was pivotal in the development of Odumase and the definite establishment of the paramountcy in its present lineage.
It became the hub of administrative, traditional and religious activities over the years and made Odumase the new form of Authority towards the end of the 19th century.
Source: Kloma Hengme Heritage